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Open/Close section Identification Information
Title: 110th Congressional District Boundaries with Representative contact information [CENSUS.CONGRESS_DIST110_ENHANCED]
Abstract: This data layer merges 110th Congressional District Boundaries with Congressional contact and web site links from the web site "Contacting Congress" (http://www.visi.com/juan/congress/). Congressional districts (CDs) are the 435 areas from which people are elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. After the apportionment of congressional seats among the states, based on census population counts, each state is responsible for establishing CDs for the purpose of electing representatives. Each CD is to be as equal in population to all other CDs in the state as practicable. The CDs in effect at the time of Census 2000 were those of the 106th Congress, whose session began in January 1999. The boundaries were identical to those reflected in the 107th CD boundary files. The CDs for the 103rd Congress (January 1993 to 1995) were the first to reflect redistricting based on the 1990 census. The 103rd CDs remained in effect through Census 2000, except where a state initiative or a court-ordered redistricting required a change. Six states redistricted for the 104th Congress (Georgia, Louisiana, Maine, Minnesota, South Carolina, and Virginia), five states redistricted for the 105th Congress (Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Texas), and three states (New York, North Carolina, and Virginia) redistricted for the 106th Congress. In North Carolina the "1998 Congressional Plan A" was used for the 1998 congressional elections. It was created in response to a court ruling which held the 1997 plan, "97 House/Senate Plan A," unconstitutional. These boundaries are reflected in the 106th CD boundary files. The Supreme Court has since reversed that lower court ruling and the 1997 plan, "97 House/Senate Plan A," (reflected in the 107th CD boundary files) was used for the 2000 North Carolina congressional elections. The 108th Congress is the first to reflect reapportionment and redistricting based on Census 2000 data. CDs are identified with a two-digit Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) code. The code "00" is used for states with a single representative. American Samoa, Guam, the Virgin Islands (U.S.), and the District of Columbia are represented in the House of Representatives by a delegate, and Puerto Rico by a resident commissioner, all of whom may not vote on the floor of the House of Representatives, but may vote on legislation as it is considered by committees to which they have been named. The two-digit FIPS code "98" is used to identify such representational areas. The Northern Mariana Islands does not have representation in Congress. The FIPS code "99" identifies areas with no representation in Congress. Geography for the Virgin Islands was added to the original Census shapefile for the purposes of EPA Region 2.
Purpose: Congressional districts (CDs) are the 435 areas from which people are elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. After the apportionment of congressional seats among the states, based on census population counts, each state is responsible for establishing CDs for the purpose of electing representatives. Each CD is to be as equal in population to all other CDs in the state as practicable.
Open/Close section Distribution Information
Download URL: https://edg.epa.gov
Open/Close section Time Period of Content
Publication Date: 20070101
Progress: Completed
Frequency: As needed
Open/Close section Single Date
Date: 20070129
Currentness: Publication date
Open/Close section Spatial Domain
West Bounding Longitude: -179.14734
East Bounding Longitude: 179.77847
North Bounding Latitude: 71.352561
South Bounding Latitude: 17.67535
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License https://edg.epa.gov/EPA_Data_License.htm
Access: None.
Use: None. Please check sources, scale, accuracy, currentness and other available information. Please confirm that you are using the most recent copy of both data and metadata. Acknowledgement of EPA would be appreciated.
Open/Close section Theme Keywords
Theme Topics: Administrative and Political Boundaries
Open/Close section Contact Information
Originator: US Census Bureau
Email: r2gisdata@epa.gov
Address Type: mailing and physical address
City: New York
State: NY
Postal Code: 10007-1866
Telephone: 212-637-3592
Open/Close section Metadata Reference Information
Metadata Date Stamp: 2014-11-12
Metadata Standard Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata Standard Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
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