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Open/Close section Identification Information
Title: EnviroAtlas - Bird National Biodiversity Ecosystem Services Metrics by 12-digit HUC for the Conterminous United States
Abstract: This dataset was produced by a joint effort of New Mexico State University (NMSU), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to support research and online mapping activities related to EnviroAtlas. Ecosystem services, i.e., services provided to humans from ecological systems, have become a key issue of this century in resource management, conservation planning, and environmental decision analysis. Mapping and quantifying ecosystem services have become strategic national interests for integrating ecology with economics to help understand the effects of human policies and actions and their subsequent impacts on both ecosystem function and human well-being. Some aspects of biodiversity are valued by humans in varied ways, and thus are important to include in any assessment that seeks to identify and quantify the benefits of ecosystems to humans. Some biodiversity metrics clearly reflect ecosystem services (e.g., abundance and diversity of harvestable species), whereas others may reflect indirect and difficult to quantify relationships to services (e.g., relevance of species diversity to ecosystem resilience, or cultural and aesthetic values). Wildlife habitat has been modeled at broad spatial scales and can be used to map a number of biodiversity metrics. We map 15 biodiversity metrics reflecting ecosystem services or other aspects of biodiversity for bird species. Metrics include all bird species richness, lists identifying species of conservation concern, climate vulnerabilities, etc. This dataset was produced by the Center for Applied Spatial Ecology, New Mexico Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Unit (NMCFWRU), NMSU to support research and online mapping activities related to EnviroAtlas. EnviroAtlas (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas) allows the user to interact with a web-based, easy-to-use, mapping application to view and analyze multiple ecosystem services for the contiguous United States. The dataset is available as downloadable data (https://edg.epa.gov/data/Public/ORD/EnviroAtlas) or as an EnviroAtlas map service. Additional descriptive information about each attribute in this dataset can be found in its associated EnviroAtlas Fact Sheet (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas/enviroatlas-fact-sheets).
Purpose: The biodiversity metrics were created by grouping national-level, single-species habitat models created by the USGS Gap Analysis Program into smaller, ecologically-based, phylogeny-based, or stakeholder-suggested composites. This data could be used in conjunction with other biodiversity data or ecosystem service data to identify concordance and discordance between metrics. Areas of concordance highlight the similarity between the two metrics. Areas of discordance highlight dissimilar areas, but must then be reviewed to understand why the dissimilarity occurs. The overall goal of EnviroAtlas is to employ and develop the best available science to map indicators of ecosystem services production, demand, and drivers for the nation.
Open/Close section Distribution Information
Resource(Server) URL: https://enviroatlas.epa.gov/arcgis/rest/services/National/National2016_master/MapServer
Download URL: https://edg.epa.gov/data/PUBLIC/ORD/ENVIROATLAS/National
Reference URL: https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas/enviroatlas-data
Website URL: https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas
Open/Close section Time Period of Content
Publication Date: 20151002
Progress: Completed
Frequency: As needed
Open/Close section Single Date
Date: 20150406
Currentness: Publication date
Open/Close section Spatial Domain
West Bounding Longitude: -128.02839229
East Bounding Longitude: -65.20336449
North Bounding Latitude: 51.6773602
South Bounding Latitude: 22.7348894
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Open/Close section Constraints
License https://edg.epa.gov/EPA_Data_License.html
Access: None
Use: None. Please check sources, scale, accuracy, currency and other available information. Please confirm that you are using the most recent copy of both data and metadata. Acknowledgement of the EPA would be appreciated.
Open/Close section Theme Keywords
Theme Topics: Environment and Conservation
Open/Close section Contact Information
Originator: Center for Applied Spatial Ecology, New Mexico Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Unit, New Mexico State University
Email: EnviroAtlas@epa.gov
Address Type: mailing and physical address
City: Research Triangle Park
State: NC
Postal Code: 27709
Telephone: (919) 541-3832
Open/Close section Metadata Reference Information
File Identifier: {0b373eb0-ed61-43ae-ae87-1db3907159c8}
Metadata Date Stamp: 2017-05-22
Metadata Standard Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata Standard Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
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